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/*
 * Copyright (C) 2006 The Android Open Source Project
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

package com.android.server;

import com.android.internal.app.IBatteryStats;
import com.android.server.am.BatteryStatsService;

import android.app.ActivityManagerNative;
import android.content.ContentResolver;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.content.pm.PackageManager;
import android.os.BatteryManager;
import android.os.Binder;
import android.os.FileUtils;
import android.os.IBinder;
import android.os.DropBoxManager;
import android.os.RemoteException;
import android.os.ServiceManager;
import android.os.SystemClock;
import android.os.UEventObserver;
import android.provider.Settings;
import android.util.EventLog;
import android.util.Slog;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileDescriptor;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.PrintWriter;


/**
 * <p>BatteryService monitors the charging status, and charge level of the device
 * battery.  When these values change this service broadcasts the new values
 * to all {@link android.content.BroadcastReceiver IntentReceivers} that are
 * watching the {@link android.content.Intent#ACTION_BATTERY_CHANGED
 * BATTERY_CHANGED} action.</p>
 * <p>The new values are stored in the Intent data and can be retrieved by
 * calling {@link android.content.Intent#getExtra Intent.getExtra} with the
 * following keys:</p>
 * <p>&quot;scale&quot; - int, the maximum value for the charge level</p>
 * <p>&quot;level&quot; - int, charge level, from 0 through &quot;scale&quot; inclusive</p>
 * <p>&quot;status&quot; - String, the current charging status.<br />
 * <p>&quot;health&quot; - String, the current battery health.<br />
 * <p>&quot;present&quot; - boolean, true if the battery is present<br />
 * <p>&quot;icon-small&quot; - int, suggested small icon to use for this state</p>
 * <p>&quot;plugged&quot; - int, 0 if the device is not plugged in; 1 if plugged
 * into an AC power adapter; 2 if plugged in via USB.</p>
 * <p>&quot;voltage&quot; - int, current battery voltage in millivolts</p>
 * <p>&quot;temperature&quot; - int, current battery temperature in tenths of
 * a degree Centigrade</p>
 * <p>&quot;technology&quot; - String, the type of battery installed, e.g. "Li-ion"</p>
 */
class BatteryService extends Binder {
    private static final String TAG = BatteryService.class.getSimpleName();

    private static final boolean LOCAL_LOGV = false;

    static final int BATTERY_SCALE = 100;    // battery capacity is a percentage

    // Used locally for determining when to make a last ditch effort to log
    // discharge stats before the device dies.
    private static final int CRITICAL_BATTERY_LEVEL = 4;

    private static final int DUMP_MAX_LENGTH = 24 * 1024;
    private static final String[] DUMPSYS_ARGS = new String[] { "--checkin", "-u" };
    private static final String BATTERY_STATS_SERVICE_NAME = "batteryinfo";

    private static final String DUMPSYS_DATA_PATH = "/data/system/";

    // This should probably be exposed in the API, though it's not critical
    private static final int BATTERY_PLUGGED_NONE = 0;

    private final Context mContext;
    private final IBatteryStats mBatteryStats;

    private boolean mAcOnline;
    private boolean mUsbOnline;
    private int mBatteryStatus;
    private int mBatteryHealth;
    private boolean mBatteryPresent;
    private int mBatteryLevel;
    private int mBatteryVoltage;
    private int mBatteryTemperature;
    private String mBatteryTechnology;
    private boolean mBatteryLevelCritical;

    private int mLastBatteryStatus;
    private int mLastBatteryHealth;
    private boolean mLastBatteryPresent;
    private int mLastBatteryLevel;
    private int mLastBatteryVoltage;
    private int mLastBatteryTemperature;
    private boolean mLastBatteryLevelCritical;

    private int mLowBatteryWarningLevel;
    private int mLowBatteryCloseWarningLevel;

    private int mPlugType;
    private int mLastPlugType = -1; // Extra state so we can detect first run

    private long mDischargeStartTime;
    private int mDischargeStartLevel;

    private boolean mSentLowBatteryBroadcast = false;

    public BatteryService(Context context) {
        mContext = context;
        mBatteryStats = BatteryStatsService.getService();

        mLowBatteryWarningLevel = mContext.getResources().getInteger(
                com.android.internal.R.integer.config_lowBatteryWarningLevel);
        mLowBatteryCloseWarningLevel = mContext.getResources().getInteger(
                com.android.internal.R.integer.config_lowBatteryCloseWarningLevel);

        mUEventObserver.startObserving("SUBSYSTEM=power_supply");

        // set initial status
        update();
    }

    final boolean isPowered() {
        // assume we are powered if battery state is unknown so the "stay on while plugged in" option will work.
        return (mAcOnline || mUsbOnline || mBatteryStatus == BatteryManager.BATTERY_STATUS_UNKNOWN);
    }

    final boolean isPowered(int plugTypeSet) {
        // assume we are powered if battery state is unknown so
        // the "stay on while plugged in" option will work.
        if (mBatteryStatus == BatteryManager.BATTERY_STATUS_UNKNOWN) {
            return true;
        }
        if (plugTypeSet == 0) {
            return false;
        }
        int plugTypeBit = 0;
        if (mAcOnline) {
            plugTypeBit |= BatteryManager.BATTERY_PLUGGED_AC;
        }
        if (mUsbOnline) {
            plugTypeBit |= BatteryManager.BATTERY_PLUGGED_USB;
        }
        return (plugTypeSet & plugTypeBit) != 0;
    }

    final int getPlugType() {
        return mPlugType;
    }

    private UEventObserver mUEventObserver = new UEventObserver() {
        @Override
        public void onUEvent(UEventObserver.UEvent event) {
            update();
        }
    };

    // returns battery level as a percentage
    final int getBatteryLevel() {
        return mBatteryLevel;
    }

    void systemReady() {
        // check our power situation now that it is safe to display the shutdown dialog.
        shutdownIfNoPower();
        shutdownIfOverTemp();
    }

    private final void shutdownIfNoPower() {
        // shut down gracefully if our battery is critically low and we are not powered.
        // wait until the system has booted before attempting to display the shutdown dialog.
        if (mBatteryLevel == 0 && !isPowered() && ActivityManagerNative.isSystemReady()) {
            Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_REQUEST_SHUTDOWN);
            intent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_KEY_CONFIRM, false);
            intent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
            mContext.startActivity(intent);
        }
    }

    private final void shutdownIfOverTemp() {
        // shut down gracefully if temperature is too high (> 68.0C)
        // wait until the system has booted before attempting to display the shutdown dialog.
        if (mBatteryTemperature > 680 && ActivityManagerNative.isSystemReady()) {
            Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_REQUEST_SHUTDOWN);
            intent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_KEY_CONFIRM, false);
            intent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
            mContext.startActivity(intent);
        }
    }

    private native void native_update();

    private synchronized final void update() {
        native_update();

        boolean logOutlier = false;
        long dischargeDuration = 0;

        mBatteryLevelCritical = mBatteryLevel <= CRITICAL_BATTERY_LEVEL;
        if (mAcOnline) {
            mPlugType = BatteryManager.BATTERY_PLUGGED_AC;
        } else if (mUsbOnline) {
            mPlugType = BatteryManager.BATTERY_PLUGGED_USB;
        } else {
            mPlugType = BATTERY_PLUGGED_NONE;
        }
        
        // Let the battery stats keep track of the current level.
        try {
            mBatteryStats.setBatteryState(mBatteryStatus, mBatteryHealth,
                    mPlugType, mBatteryLevel, mBatteryTemperature,
                    mBatteryVoltage);
        } catch (RemoteException e) {
            // Should never happen.
        }
        
        shutdownIfNoPower();
        shutdownIfOverTemp();

        if (mBatteryStatus != mLastBatteryStatus ||
                mBatteryHealth != mLastBatteryHealth ||
                mBatteryPresent != mLastBatteryPresent ||
                mBatteryLevel != mLastBatteryLevel ||
                mPlugType != mLastPlugType ||
                mBatteryVoltage != mLastBatteryVoltage ||
                mBatteryTemperature != mLastBatteryTemperature) {

            if (mPlugType != mLastPlugType) {
                if (mLastPlugType == BATTERY_PLUGGED_NONE) {
                    // discharging -> charging

                    // There's no value in this data unless we've discharged at least once and the
                    // battery level has changed; so don't log until it does.
                    if (mDischargeStartTime != 0 && mDischargeStartLevel != mBatteryLevel) {
                        dischargeDuration = SystemClock.elapsedRealtime() - mDischargeStartTime;
                        logOutlier = true;
                        EventLog.writeEvent(EventLogTags.BATTERY_DISCHARGE, dischargeDuration,
                                mDischargeStartLevel, mBatteryLevel);
                        // make sure we see a discharge event before logging again
                        mDischargeStartTime = 0;
                    }
                } else if (mPlugType == BATTERY_PLUGGED_NONE) {
                    // charging -> discharging or we just powered up
                    mDischargeStartTime = SystemClock.elapsedRealtime();
                    mDischargeStartLevel = mBatteryLevel;
                }
            }
            if (mBatteryStatus != mLastBatteryStatus ||
                    mBatteryHealth != mLastBatteryHealth ||
                    mBatteryPresent != mLastBatteryPresent ||
                    mPlugType != mLastPlugType) {
                EventLog.writeEvent(EventLogTags.BATTERY_STATUS,
                        mBatteryStatus, mBatteryHealth, mBatteryPresent ? 1 : 0,
                        mPlugType, mBatteryTechnology);
            }
            if (mBatteryLevel != mLastBatteryLevel ||
                    mBatteryVoltage != mLastBatteryVoltage ||
                    mBatteryTemperature != mLastBatteryTemperature) {
                EventLog.writeEvent(EventLogTags.BATTERY_LEVEL,
                        mBatteryLevel, mBatteryVoltage, mBatteryTemperature);
            }
            if (mBatteryLevelCritical && !mLastBatteryLevelCritical &&
                    mPlugType == BATTERY_PLUGGED_NONE) {
                // We want to make sure we log discharge cycle outliers
                // if the battery is about to die.
                dischargeDuration = SystemClock.elapsedRealtime() - mDischargeStartTime;
                logOutlier = true;
            }

            final boolean plugged = mPlugType != BATTERY_PLUGGED_NONE;
            final boolean oldPlugged = mLastPlugType != BATTERY_PLUGGED_NONE;

            /* The ACTION_BATTERY_LOW broadcast is sent in these situations:
             * - is just un-plugged (previously was plugged) and battery level is
             *   less than or equal to WARNING, or
             * - is not plugged and battery level falls to WARNING boundary
             *   (becomes <= mLowBatteryWarningLevel).
             */
            final boolean sendBatteryLow = !plugged
                && mBatteryStatus != BatteryManager.BATTERY_STATUS_UNKNOWN
                && mBatteryLevel <= mLowBatteryWarningLevel
                && (oldPlugged || mLastBatteryLevel > mLowBatteryWarningLevel);

            sendIntent();

            // Separate broadcast is sent for power connected / not connected
            // since the standard intent will not wake any applications and some
            // applications may want to have smart behavior based on this.
            Intent statusIntent = new Intent();
            statusIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_RECEIVER_REGISTERED_ONLY_BEFORE_BOOT);
            if (mPlugType != 0 && mLastPlugType == 0) {
                statusIntent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_POWER_CONNECTED);
                mContext.sendBroadcast(statusIntent);
            }
            else if (mPlugType == 0 && mLastPlugType != 0) {
                statusIntent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_POWER_DISCONNECTED);
                mContext.sendBroadcast(statusIntent);
            }

            if (sendBatteryLow) {
                mSentLowBatteryBroadcast = true;
                statusIntent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_BATTERY_LOW);
                mContext.sendBroadcast(statusIntent);
            } else if (mSentLowBatteryBroadcast && mLastBatteryLevel >= mLowBatteryCloseWarningLevel) {
                mSentLowBatteryBroadcast = false;
                statusIntent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_BATTERY_OKAY);
                mContext.sendBroadcast(statusIntent);
            }

            // This needs to be done after sendIntent() so that we get the lastest battery stats.
            if (logOutlier && dischargeDuration != 0) {
                logOutlier(dischargeDuration);
            }

            mLastBatteryStatus = mBatteryStatus;
            mLastBatteryHealth = mBatteryHealth;
            mLastBatteryPresent = mBatteryPresent;
            mLastBatteryLevel = mBatteryLevel;
            mLastPlugType = mPlugType;
            mLastBatteryVoltage = mBatteryVoltage;
            mLastBatteryTemperature = mBatteryTemperature;
            mLastBatteryLevelCritical = mBatteryLevelCritical;
        }
    }

    private final void sendIntent() {
        //  Pack up the values and broadcast them to everyone
        Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_BATTERY_CHANGED);
        intent.addFlags(Intent.FLAG_RECEIVER_REGISTERED_ONLY
                | Intent.FLAG_RECEIVER_REPLACE_PENDING);

        int icon = getIcon(mBatteryLevel);

        intent.putExtra(BatteryManager.EXTRA_STATUS, mBatteryStatus);
        intent.putExtra(BatteryManager.EXTRA_HEALTH, mBatteryHealth);
        intent.putExtra(BatteryManager.EXTRA_PRESENT, mBatteryPresent);
        intent.putExtra(BatteryManager.EXTRA_LEVEL, mBatteryLevel);
        intent.putExtra(BatteryManager.EXTRA_SCALE, BATTERY_SCALE);
        intent.putExtra(BatteryManager.EXTRA_ICON_SMALL, icon);
        intent.putExtra(BatteryManager.EXTRA_PLUGGED, mPlugType);
        intent.putExtra(BatteryManager.EXTRA_VOLTAGE, mBatteryVoltage);
        intent.putExtra(BatteryManager.EXTRA_TEMPERATURE, mBatteryTemperature);
        intent.putExtra(BatteryManager.EXTRA_TECHNOLOGY, mBatteryTechnology);

        if (false) {
            Slog.d(TAG, "updateBattery level:" + mBatteryLevel +
                    " scale:" + BATTERY_SCALE + " status:" + mBatteryStatus +
                    " health:" + mBatteryHealth +  " present:" + mBatteryPresent +
                    " voltage: " + mBatteryVoltage +
                    " temperature: " + mBatteryTemperature +
                    " technology: " + mBatteryTechnology +
                    " AC powered:" + mAcOnline + " USB powered:" + mUsbOnline +
                    " icon:" + icon );
        }

        ActivityManagerNative.broadcastStickyIntent(intent, null);
    }

    private final void logBatteryStats() {
        IBinder batteryInfoService = ServiceManager.getService(BATTERY_STATS_SERVICE_NAME);
        if (batteryInfoService == null) return;

        DropBoxManager db = (DropBoxManager) mContext.getSystemService(Context.DROPBOX_SERVICE);
        if (db == null || !db.isTagEnabled("BATTERY_DISCHARGE_INFO")) return;

        File dumpFile = null;
        FileOutputStream dumpStream = null;
        try {
            // dump the service to a file
            dumpFile = new File(DUMPSYS_DATA_PATH + BATTERY_STATS_SERVICE_NAME + ".dump");
            dumpStream = new FileOutputStream(dumpFile);
            batteryInfoService.dump(dumpStream.getFD(), DUMPSYS_ARGS);
            FileUtils.sync(dumpStream);

            // add dump file to drop box
            db.addFile("BATTERY_DISCHARGE_INFO", dumpFile, DropBoxManager.IS_TEXT);
        } catch (RemoteException e) {
            Slog.e(TAG, "failed to dump battery service", e);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            Slog.e(TAG, "failed to write dumpsys file", e);
        } finally {
            // make sure we clean up
            if (dumpStream != null) {
                try {
                    dumpStream.close();
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    Slog.e(TAG, "failed to close dumpsys output stream");
                }
            }
            if (dumpFile != null && !dumpFile.delete()) {
                Slog.e(TAG, "failed to delete temporary dumpsys file: "
                        + dumpFile.getAbsolutePath());
            }
        }
    }

    private final void logOutlier(long duration) {
        ContentResolver cr = mContext.getContentResolver();
        String dischargeThresholdString = Settings.Secure.getString(cr,
                Settings.Secure.BATTERY_DISCHARGE_THRESHOLD);
        String durationThresholdString = Settings.Secure.getString(cr,
                Settings.Secure.BATTERY_DISCHARGE_DURATION_THRESHOLD);

        if (dischargeThresholdString != null && durationThresholdString != null) {
            try {
                long durationThreshold = Long.parseLong(durationThresholdString);
                int dischargeThreshold = Integer.parseInt(dischargeThresholdString);
                if (duration <= durationThreshold &&
                        mDischargeStartLevel - mBatteryLevel >= dischargeThreshold) {
                    // If the discharge cycle is bad enough we want to know about it.
                    logBatteryStats();
                }
                if (LOCAL_LOGV) Slog.v(TAG, "duration threshold: " + durationThreshold +
                        " discharge threshold: " + dischargeThreshold);
                if (LOCAL_LOGV) Slog.v(TAG, "duration: " + duration + " discharge: " +
                        (mDischargeStartLevel - mBatteryLevel));
            } catch (NumberFormatException e) {
                Slog.e(TAG, "Invalid DischargeThresholds GService string: " +
                        durationThresholdString + " or " + dischargeThresholdString);
                return;
            }
        }
    }

    private final int getIcon(int level) {
        if (mBatteryStatus == BatteryManager.BATTERY_STATUS_CHARGING) {
            return com.android.internal.R.drawable.stat_sys_battery_charge;
        } else if (mBatteryStatus == BatteryManager.BATTERY_STATUS_DISCHARGING ||
                mBatteryStatus == BatteryManager.BATTERY_STATUS_NOT_CHARGING ||
                mBatteryStatus == BatteryManager.BATTERY_STATUS_FULL) {
            return com.android.internal.R.drawable.stat_sys_battery;
        } else {
            return com.android.internal.R.drawable.stat_sys_battery_unknown;
        }
    }

    @Override
    protected void dump(FileDescriptor fd, PrintWriter pw, String[] args) {
        if (mContext.checkCallingOrSelfPermission(android.Manifest.permission.DUMP)
                != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {

            pw.println("Permission Denial: can't dump Battery service from from pid="
                    + Binder.getCallingPid()
                    + ", uid=" + Binder.getCallingUid());
            return;
        }

        synchronized (this) {
            pw.println("Current Battery Service state:");
            pw.println("  AC powered: " + mAcOnline);
            pw.println("  USB powered: " + mUsbOnline);
            pw.println("  status: " + mBatteryStatus);
            pw.println("  health: " + mBatteryHealth);
            pw.println("  present: " + mBatteryPresent);
            pw.println("  level: " + mBatteryLevel);
            pw.println("  scale: " + BATTERY_SCALE);
            pw.println("  voltage:" + mBatteryVoltage);
            pw.println("  temperature: " + mBatteryTemperature);
            pw.println("  technology: " + mBatteryTechnology);
        }
    }
}