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/*
 * Copyright (C) 2006 The Android Open Source Project
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

package android.util;

import com.android.internal.os.RuntimeInit;

import java.io.PrintWriter;
import java.io.StringWriter;

/**
 * API for sending log output.
 *
 * <p>Generally, use the Log.v() Log.d() Log.i() Log.w() and Log.e()
 * methods.
 *
 * <p>The order in terms of verbosity, from least to most is
 * ERROR, WARN, INFO, DEBUG, VERBOSE.  Verbose should never be compiled
 * into an application except during development.  Debug logs are compiled
 * in but stripped at runtime.  Error, warning and info logs are always kept.
 *
 * <p><b>Tip:</b> A good convention is to declare a <code>TAG</code> constant
 * in your class:
 *
 * <pre>private static final String TAG = "MyActivity";</pre>
 *
 * and use that in subsequent calls to the log methods.
 * </p>
 *
 * <p><b>Tip:</b> Don't forget that when you make a call like
 * <pre>Log.v(TAG, "index=" + i);</pre>
 * that when you're building the string to pass into Log.d, the compiler uses a
 * StringBuilder and at least three allocations occur: the StringBuilder
 * itself, the buffer, and the String object.  Realistically, there is also
 * another buffer allocation and copy, and even more pressure on the gc.
 * That means that if your log message is filtered out, you might be doing
 * significant work and incurring significant overhead.
 */
public final class Log {

    /**
     * Priority constant for the println method; use Log.v.
     */
    public static final int VERBOSE = 2;

    /**
     * Priority constant for the println method; use Log.d.
     */
    public static final int DEBUG = 3;

    /**
     * Priority constant for the println method; use Log.i.
     */
    public static final int INFO = 4;

    /**
     * Priority constant for the println method; use Log.w.
     */
    public static final int WARN = 5;

    /**
     * Priority constant for the println method; use Log.e.
     */
    public static final int ERROR = 6;

    /**
     * Priority constant for the println method.
     */
    public static final int ASSERT = 7;

    /**
     * Exception class used to capture a stack trace in {@link #wtf()}.
     */
    private static class TerribleFailure extends Exception {
        TerribleFailure(String msg, Throwable cause) { super(msg, cause); }
    }

    /**
     * Interface to handle terrible failures from {@link #wtf()}.
     *
     * @hide
     */
    public interface TerribleFailureHandler {
        void onTerribleFailure(String tag, TerribleFailure what);
    }

    private static TerribleFailureHandler sWtfHandler = new TerribleFailureHandler() {
            public void onTerribleFailure(String tag, TerribleFailure what) {
                RuntimeInit.wtf(tag, what);
            }
        };

    private Log() {
    }

    /**
     * Send a {@link #VERBOSE} log message.
     * @param tag Used to identify the source of a log message.  It usually identifies
     *        the class or activity where the log call occurs.
     * @param msg The message you would like logged.
     */
    public static int v(String tag, String msg) {
        return println_native(LOG_ID_MAIN, VERBOSE, tag, msg);
    }

    /**
     * Send a {@link #VERBOSE} log message and log the exception.
     * @param tag Used to identify the source of a log message.  It usually identifies
     *        the class or activity where the log call occurs.
     * @param msg The message you would like logged.
     * @param tr An exception to log
     */
    public static int v(String tag, String msg, Throwable tr) {
        return println_native(LOG_ID_MAIN, VERBOSE, tag, msg + '\n' + getStackTraceString(tr));
    }

    /**
     * Send a {@link #DEBUG} log message.
     * @param tag Used to identify the source of a log message.  It usually identifies
     *        the class or activity where the log call occurs.
     * @param msg The message you would like logged.
     */
    public static int d(String tag, String msg) {
        return println_native(LOG_ID_MAIN, DEBUG, tag, msg);
    }

    /**
     * Send a {@link #DEBUG} log message and log the exception.
     * @param tag Used to identify the source of a log message.  It usually identifies
     *        the class or activity where the log call occurs.
     * @param msg The message you would like logged.
     * @param tr An exception to log
     */
    public static int d(String tag, String msg, Throwable tr) {
        return println_native(LOG_ID_MAIN, DEBUG, tag, msg + '\n' + getStackTraceString(tr));
    }

    /**
     * Send an {@link #INFO} log message.
     * @param tag Used to identify the source of a log message.  It usually identifies
     *        the class or activity where the log call occurs.
     * @param msg The message you would like logged.
     */
    public static int i(String tag, String msg) {
        return println_native(LOG_ID_MAIN, INFO, tag, msg);
    }

    /**
     * Send a {@link #INFO} log message and log the exception.
     * @param tag Used to identify the source of a log message.  It usually identifies
     *        the class or activity where the log call occurs.
     * @param msg The message you would like logged.
     * @param tr An exception to log
     */
    public static int i(String tag, String msg, Throwable tr) {
        return println_native(LOG_ID_MAIN, INFO, tag, msg + '\n' + getStackTraceString(tr));
    }

    /**
     * Send a {@link #WARN} log message.
     * @param tag Used to identify the source of a log message.  It usually identifies
     *        the class or activity where the log call occurs.
     * @param msg The message you would like logged.
     */
    public static int w(String tag, String msg) {
        return println_native(LOG_ID_MAIN, WARN, tag, msg);
    }

    /**
     * Send a {@link #WARN} log message and log the exception.
     * @param tag Used to identify the source of a log message.  It usually identifies
     *        the class or activity where the log call occurs.
     * @param msg The message you would like logged.
     * @param tr An exception to log
     */
    public static int w(String tag, String msg, Throwable tr) {
        return println_native(LOG_ID_MAIN, WARN, tag, msg + '\n' + getStackTraceString(tr));
    }

    /**
     * Checks to see whether or not a log for the specified tag is loggable at the specified level.
     *
     *  The default level of any tag is set to INFO. This means that any level above and including
     *  INFO will be logged. Before you make any calls to a logging method you should check to see
     *  if your tag should be logged. You can change the default level by setting a system property:
     *      'setprop log.tag.&lt;YOUR_LOG_TAG> &lt;LEVEL>'
     *  Where level is either VERBOSE, DEBUG, INFO, WARN, ERROR, ASSERT, or SUPPRESS. SUPPRESS will
     *  turn off all logging for your tag. You can also create a local.prop file that with the
     *  following in it:
     *      'log.tag.&lt;YOUR_LOG_TAG>=&lt;LEVEL>'
     *  and place that in /data/local.prop.
     *
     * @param tag The tag to check.
     * @param level The level to check.
     * @return Whether or not that this is allowed to be logged.
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException is thrown if the tag.length() > 23.
     */
    public static native boolean isLoggable(String tag, int level);

    /*
     * Send a {@link #WARN} log message and log the exception.
     * @param tag Used to identify the source of a log message.  It usually identifies
     *        the class or activity where the log call occurs.
     * @param tr An exception to log
     */
    public static int w(String tag, Throwable tr) {
        return println_native(LOG_ID_MAIN, WARN, tag, getStackTraceString(tr));
    }

    /**
     * Send an {@link #ERROR} log message.
     * @param tag Used to identify the source of a log message.  It usually identifies
     *        the class or activity where the log call occurs.
     * @param msg The message you would like logged.
     */
    public static int e(String tag, String msg) {
        return println_native(LOG_ID_MAIN, ERROR, tag, msg);
    }

    /**
     * Send a {@link #ERROR} log message and log the exception.
     * @param tag Used to identify the source of a log message.  It usually identifies
     *        the class or activity where the log call occurs.
     * @param msg The message you would like logged.
     * @param tr An exception to log
     */
    public static int e(String tag, String msg, Throwable tr) {
        return println_native(LOG_ID_MAIN, ERROR, tag, msg + '\n' + getStackTraceString(tr));
    }

    /**
     * What a Terrible Failure: Report a condition that should never happen.
     * The error will always be logged at level ASSERT with the call stack.
     * Depending on system configuration, a report may be added to the
     * {@link android.os.DropBoxManager} and/or the process may be terminated
     * immediately with an error dialog.
     * @param tag Used to identify the source of a log message.
     * @param msg The message you would like logged.
     */
    public static int wtf(String tag, String msg) {
        return wtf(tag, msg, null);
    }

    /**
     * What a Terrible Failure: Report an exception that should never happen.
     * Similar to {@link #wtf(String, String)}, with an exception to log.
     * @param tag Used to identify the source of a log message.
     * @param tr An exception to log.
     */
    public static int wtf(String tag, Throwable tr) {
        return wtf(tag, tr.getMessage(), tr);
    }

    /**
     * What a Terrible Failure: Report an exception that should never happen.
     * Similar to {@link #wtf(String, Throwable)}, with a message as well.
     * @param tag Used to identify the source of a log message.
     * @param msg The message you would like logged.
     * @param tr An exception to log.  May be null.
     */
    public static int wtf(String tag, String msg, Throwable tr) {
        TerribleFailure what = new TerribleFailure(msg, tr);
        int bytes = println_native(LOG_ID_MAIN, ASSERT, tag, getStackTraceString(tr));
        sWtfHandler.onTerribleFailure(tag, what);
        return bytes;
    }

    /**
     * Sets the terrible failure handler, for testing.
     *
     * @return the old handler
     *
     * @hide
     */
    public static TerribleFailureHandler setWtfHandler(TerribleFailureHandler handler) {
        if (handler == null) {
            throw new NullPointerException("handler == null");
        }
        TerribleFailureHandler oldHandler = sWtfHandler;
        sWtfHandler = handler;
        return oldHandler;
    }

    /**
     * Handy function to get a loggable stack trace from a Throwable
     * @param tr An exception to log
     */
    public static String getStackTraceString(Throwable tr) {
        if (tr == null) {
            return "";
        }
        StringWriter sw = new StringWriter();
        PrintWriter pw = new PrintWriter(sw);
        tr.printStackTrace(pw);
        return sw.toString();
    }

    /**
     * Low-level logging call.
     * @param priority The priority/type of this log message
     * @param tag Used to identify the source of a log message.  It usually identifies
     *        the class or activity where the log call occurs.
     * @param msg The message you would like logged.
     * @return The number of bytes written.
     */
    public static int println(int priority, String tag, String msg) {
        return println_native(LOG_ID_MAIN, priority, tag, msg);
    }

    /** @hide */ public static final int LOG_ID_MAIN = 0;
    /** @hide */ public static final int LOG_ID_RADIO = 1;
    /** @hide */ public static final int LOG_ID_EVENTS = 2;
    /** @hide */ public static final int LOG_ID_SYSTEM = 3;

    /** @hide */ public static native int println_native(int bufID,
            int priority, String tag, String msg);
}